LEVEL: Elementary

TYPE OF ENGLISH: General English


This lesson introduces elementary students to the present continuous. The target language is presented in a dialogue and there are several activities in which students practise the new structure. The worksheet also presents expressions for describing typical holiday/vacation activities and revises language from previous lessons, e.g. Free time and What’s the weather like?

imagesInstructions for teachers (also included in the worksheet key)

Exercise 1: Students can work alone and check in pairs or work in pairs. Go through the answers with the class. Model pronunciation.

Pair up the students for the second activity. Model with a strong student. You can use this exercise to review adverbs of frequency, e.g. I often go sightseeing, which the students learnt in the worksheet Free time. Students can use the American English expression on vacation if this is more relevant.

Exercise 2: Students read the dialogue in pairs. Encourage correct pronunciation and intonation. Pre-teach the expressions right now and at the moment. If the students have not studied the present continuous before, this will help them infer that the new structure is related to the present moment. The present continuous forms will be presented in the next exercise. At this point the students should be able to understand the dialogue. Check basic understanding by asking individual students the questions below or have the students ask and answer in pairs.

Exercise 3: Present the present continuous forms. Present the short affirmative forms (I'm, you're, he's, etc.) and have the students write them in the table. Point out the general structure be + verb -ing. Explain the difference between routine actions and actions happening now. There are six examples of the present continuous in the dialogue: 1) What are you doing? 2) I'm relaxing 3) it's raining 4) The kids are eating 5) Are they having fun? 6) He's checking in. There are two short answers: Yes, they are and No, he isn't.

Exercise 4: Students can work alone and then check in pairs. Go through the answers with the class or group.

Exercise 5: Students can work alone and then check in pairs. With a weak class, write the infinitive forms of the verbs/phrases on the board, e.g. read a book, eat sushi, etc.

Students can work in individually and check in pairs. To play the video, either download and open the video file, enter the video link in a web browser or scan the printed QR code with a mobile device. Pause after each clip. Go through the answers.

Have the students complete the exercise for homework if you do not have the means to play the video in the lesson.

Demonstrate the role play with a strong student. Make sure students change roles. Encourage them to ask lots of questions.

Exercise 6: Demonstrate with a strong student. Make sure students change roles. Encourage them to ask lots of questions.

Resources for teachers

On holiday

Type: Vocabulary and grammar

Level: Elementary

Download/preview video for exercises:


download Ex5

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On holiday - comments:

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~ med 2012-06-28 07:52:45
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Featured worksheet for teachers


In this lesson, students learn vocabulary related to public transport as well as practical expressions to use at a train station, in a taxi and at an airport check-in desk. The lesson plan includes a listening activity with the option to play animated video clips representing the different transport situations. There is a role play exercise at the end of the worksheet.


Today we did your lesson on Procrastination. It was absolutely enlightening. The students just loved it too. Keep them coming!!

~ Mariella (EFL Teacher, Malta)